Customer Logins

Obtain the data you need to make the most informed decisions by accessing our extensive portfolio of information, analytics, and expertise. Sign in to the product or service center of your choice.

Customer Logins

Coffee Market Analysis

Coffee is commercially produced in more than 50 countries and the world drinks over 3 billion cups a day. Coffee producing countries export the bulk of their produce, earning around $20 billion in exports a year. The annual revenue of the global coffee industry is estimated to exceed $200 billion. Around 25 million farming households depend on coffee for their living. At least 100 million families depend on coffee for their living.

Key facts about the global coffee market
  • Since 1990, coffee growers have increased production from 100 million to about 175 million 60-kg bags today.
  • World coffee consumption rises by 2.0-2.5% annually
  • In 2018 around 65 million bags of the world’s harvest of green coffee beans came from Brazil, making the country the world’s largest coffee producer with a share of 37% .
  • Although there are many different varieties of the coffee plant, only two species are of major economic importance. These are Arabica and Robusta. Today, some 60% of the world’s coffee output is produced from Arabica beans and about 40% from Robusta.
  • Robusta production has been gaining market share from higher-quality arabica beans over the past decade, which has elevated Vietnam and Indonesia into the top ranks of the world’s coffee producers. Brazil has raised its coffee production continuously over the years and now accounts for about a third of global output and is the top exporter.

Key themes affecting the coffee market

In recent years local supply issues have impacted individual country output, such as the leaf rust and weather-induced output reduction in Colombia between 2008 and 2012, and more recently in Central America. Examples of reduced output have regularly been offset by ever-increasing production in Brazil and Vietnam.

The coffee plant’s sensitivity to climatic variables means that global climate change is likely to have profound impacts on coffee growing and production in the years to come. Coffee, as a tropical crop, demands temperatures that are neither too high nor too low, and requires distinct wet and dry seasons. This means that the typical extreme weather events triggered by climate change – such as extended periods of dryness or heavy deluges at other times – pose a serious threat to future coffee cultivation.

These challenges come at a time when consumption continues to rise. Consumption is the driver of the world coffee economy. After all, all coffee produced must be used at some stage for it not to burden the market with a surplus and thus put pressure on prices. Despite a slowdown in many developed countries with already high per capita consumption, the increase in total coffee consumption in the second half of the 20th century was phenomenal and the coffee community is pinning high hopes on new frontiers for coffee consumption such as traditional tea-drinking countries like China and Russia. Also, the coffee shop revolution has breathed fresh life into several supposedly saturated markets. This provides opportunities and challenges for businesses alongside the coffee value chain.

Emerging economies, coffee producing countries and “new” coffee markets have been major drivers of global coffee consumption in recent years. Despite some clouds on the horizon coffee producers remain upbeat about future coffee consumption. Of course, satisfying this growth will be a challenge. However, the past has shown that a combination of area expansion, improved planting techniques and technological progress has resulted in impressive production gains – with the full potential yet to be tapped in most countries.

Coffee price ranges
“C” Arabica coffee futures (c/lb)113-16292-13086-136
London robusta futures ($/t)1680-22801440-18401190-1560


At IHS Markit we offer market-leading food commodities information solutions via our globally recognised FO Licht, IEG Vantage and IEG Vu services across 20,000+ datasets. We are specialists in offering comprehensive data and analysis across the global agricultural commodities and processed food markets, with current, short-term and long-term solutions to support all your operational needs.

Current market information
Food Commodities News

IEG Vu’s daily service is the market leader in updates and news on the agricultural commodity and processed food markets, with modular channel access available across the breadth of the softs food market spanning sugar, cocoa and coffee. Coverage ranges from pricing news and key trends impacting production to incoming legislation and geopolitical impacts to the market. An IEG Vu subscription also includes access to a range of historic data tools covering pricing, trade volumes and production at a granular level.

Short- and mid-term forecasts
Weekly and monthly production, trade and price forecasts

FO Licht is the only service in the market that provides comprehensive analysis of near-term market developments for the 12 months ahead, from market trends to supply-demand, production, trade and price forecasts. Subscriptions to FO Lichts International Coffee Report also includes daily market commentary to provide context for daily trading workflow needs, as well as access to detailed historic and current data on the global coffee market.

Long-term market outlooks
Agriculture Forecasting
Our Agriculture Pricing and Purchasing Service enables supply chain cost savings with 10-year cost and price forecasts across all agricultural products and inputs, from edible food commodities to paper and plastic packaging and wages. Over 3,000 global data sets are available via a cost analyser platform that supports clients in understanding escalation rates to improve their business buying performance. Data can also be input into a cost modelling framework that breaks down input costs to manufactured food products.
Bespoke Solutions
API and Data Feeds

Pricing, supply-demand and forecasts delivered directly to your organisation to support centralised models and trading systems used by team members across your business.

Find out more
One-time Data Exports

Over three decades of historical pricing, production and trade data across all food commodities sectors available to purchase to support your organisation with strategic analysis and economic modelling.


Consulting services spanning all your needs in the agricultural commodities and processed food markets, from long-term forecasting beyond what is available in our subscription services to market studies for financial investments reviewing everything from market forecasts to competitor intelligence.

Agribusiness Blogs and Research & Analysis

Follow IHS Markit Agribusiness

Filter Sort